PHOTO: International passengers arrive at Washington Dulles International Airport after the U.S. Supreme Court granted parts of the Trump administration’s emergency request to put its travel ban into effect later in the week pending further judicial review, in Dulles, Virginia, U.S., June 26, 2017. REUTERS/James Lawler Duggan
It is the start of a new quarter for COHRE and with the topic we are going to discuss is to continue our theme of displacement, but move onto the topic of Immigration and Migration in the United States.
This topic is timely as many current political debates center on immigration policy. That will be for another post and for today’s it will be a summary of the difference between immigration and migration and some key terms that are important for our future discussion of immigration as well as a summarization of viewpoints from political parties in the U.S. that you see in debates.
Migration: The movement of people from one country to another. It is broader than immigration, and used for much larger groups of people moving between countries and can be either leaving or coming into one.
Immigration: This is much more specific and it means when a person has moved into a new country.
These are some terms that come up whenever there are discussions surrounding immigration policy that we will go more into depth about, but right now here are some basic definitions.
Asylum: the protection granted by a nation to someone who has left their native country as a political refugee.
Dream Act: Legislation that would provide young people who entered the United States as minors with a pathway to adjust their immigration status. Senators Dick Durbin and Orrin Hatch first introduced this legislation in 2001. The Dream Act has not passed although it has been reintroduced and modified several times.
DREAMer: Someone who entered the United States as a minor and who would qualify for the Dream Act.
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA): Immigration directive that was announced on June of 15, 2012 and implemented on August 15, 2012. DACA provides a 2-year deportation reprieve and applicants may apply for a work authorization permit, and this permission is subject to renewal. Only young adults who were 31-years-old or younger on June 15, 2012 qualify for this program.
Noncitizen: Individual who maintains citizenship to a country different from one’s own country.
Unauthorized: Individuals who have entered the U.S. without proper inspection or the paperwork that is necessary.
Undocumented: This is a term frequently used refer to someone without legal status. This term implies a lack of documentation such as individuals without a social security number, work permit or visa. However, people may have these documents but may have expired and therefore, are no longer valid.
In the U.S., each party has their own stance on how to address immigration in our country and each has their own departments and ideologies so these will be a brief introduction into what each side believes. This will be neutral in language to present what each party has done on the topic of immigration and from their 2016 stances from the Presidential Election.
The Republican Party: They want stricter border security along the physical borders of other countries to prevent unauthorized immigration, reform the Immigration and Naturalization Service by adding an enforcement branch that checks people’s statuses and to make requirements to immigrate stricter, and to increase the visas that require high skills workers in specialized positions that encourage economic growth placing more protections for non-skilled American born workers.
The Democratic Party: This is the party that presented the DREAM Act legislation and want it to get passed and then work on comprehensive immigration reform that looks like a path for undocumented immigrants to get citizenship, Reform the Immigration and Naturalization Service and to address the backlog of citizenship applications, and they want more protections for immigrant workers from employers.
The Libertarian Party: Their official stance is to allow any person who wishes to immigrate to the United States should be allowed to as long as they have no history of violence or crime. They also want to reform the legal channels for immigration.
The Green Party: They want to reform immigration laws wanting easily attainable work permits through border passes to be given at the Mexico and Canada borders, an easier path to citizenship, anyone who wishes asylum to be granted it, to allow immigrants to take advantage of the U.S.’s social programs, reduce the waiting time to receive citizenship, and to decrease border security.
The Tea Party: This party wishes to increase border security, and to no longer grant asylum and amnesty to those who did not legally come into the United States.
These political groups are not each one that we see, they are only a sampling and the ones that have the majority of a following. And for the next few months, our blog series is going to have topics such as Human Trafficking and Immigration, Current Events, Current Politics, Discussing Why do People Leave, and more.